Electrophilic Substitution


This mechanism takes place in arenes (aromatic hydrocarbons)

Instructions: Follow the links (underlined sentences) below to understand the electrophilic substitution mechanism.


1. What is electrophilic substitution?

2. The nitration of benzene.

   i.  Explanation 1 and more...

3. The halogenation of benzene.

   i. Explanation and more...

4. The Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of Benzene.

   i. Explanation and more...

Futher reading:

1.Electrophilic substitution in methylbenzene (toluene)

   i. Explanation

5. Videos on the mechanisms:

Mechanism Movies9.mov Mechanism Movies9.mov
Size : 1.008 Kb
Type : mov
Aromatic Nitration.flv Aromatic Nitration.flv
Size : 0.907 Kb
Type : flv
EAS Bromination.flv EAS Bromination.flv
Size : 0.682 Kb
Type : flv
Friedel-Crafts alkylation.flv Friedel-Crafts alkylation.flv
Size : 0.942 Kb
Type : flv

Videos on substituent effects: 

Make a Free Website with Yola.